The conceptual diagram below presents the arrangement of the core findings and framework employed in this study for understanding how women’s collective action has influenced the implementation of the Village Law and variation in outcomes. The framework first establishes the key features of context at the village and district levels that have constrained or enhanced women’s collective action and influence on the Village Law. We then identify the main forms and patterns of women’s grassroots collective action and the underlying drivers that have bolstered women’s influence in the research villages: grassroots women’s collective action, CSO support for village women and their agency, and CSO advocacy as a structured form of collective action. The diagram then illustrates the outcomes women achieved and their influence on the implementation of the Village Law through new regulations, fund allocations, and shifting social norms to be more gender inclusive.
The report was finalised in October 2020 and the authors are Rachael Diprose, Amalinda Savirani, Ken M.P. Setiawan and Naomi Francis.